The Invisible Woman (1940 film)
From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia
|The Invisible Woman|
|Directed by||A. Edward Sutherland|
|Produced by||Burt Kelly|
|Edited by||Frank Gross|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures Co.|
The Invisible Woman is an American science fiction comedy film directed by A. Edward Sutherland. It is the third film in Universal Pictures' The Invisible Man film series, following The Invisible Man and The Invisible Man Returns, which were released earlier in the year. It was more of a screwball comedy than a horror film like the others in the series. Universal released The Invisible Woman on December 27, 1940.
Wealthy lawyer Richard Russell (John Howard) funds the dotty old inventor Professor Gibbs (John Barrymore) creation of an invisibility device. The first test subject for this machine is Kitty Carroll (Virginia Bruce), a department store model who has been fired from her previous job. The machine proves quite successful, and Kitty uses her invisible state to pay back her sadistic former boss, Mr. Growley (Charles Lane).
While the Professor and the invisible Kitty are off visiting Russell's lodge, gangster Blackie Cole (Oscar Homolka) sends in his gang of moronic thugs—including “Hammerhead’ (Shemp Howard)—to steal the device. Once the machine is back at their hideout, they cannot get it to work. Kitty is now visible, and Blackie sends the gang to kidnap her and the Professor. Kitty learns that alcohol will restore her invisibility, and, with Russell's help, she exploits this to defeat the gang.
Cut to the end of the film. Kitty has married Richard and become a mother. After an alcohol rub, their infant son begins to fade from view. “Hmmm,” the Professor says to the audience. “Hereditary!”
Cast is sourced from the book Universal Horrors:
- Virginia Bruce as Kitty Carroll
- John Barrymore as Prof. Gibbs
- John Howard as Dick Russell
- Charles Ruggles as George
- Oskar Homolka as Blackie Cole
- Edward Brophy as Bill
- Donald MacBride as Foghorn
- Charles Lane as Growley
- Thurston Hall as Hudson
- Margaret Hamilton as Mrs. Jackson
- Mary Gordon as Mrs. Bates
- Anne Nagel as Jean
- Maria Montez as Marie
- Shemp Howard as Hammerhead/Frankie
- Kathryn Adams as Peggy
- Kitty O'Neil as Mrs. Patten
- Eddie Conrad as Hernandez
- Kay Leslie as model
- Kay Linaker as showroom buyer (uncredited)
- Sarah Edwards as Fashion Show Buyers
- Harry C. Bradley as Want-ad Man
- Kernan Cripps as postman
After the success of The Invisible Man Returns, Universal Pictures began work on a followup and signed Curt Siodmak to develop the idea in 1940 with comedy writers Frederic I. Rinaldo and Robert Lees. Universal gave the film a $300,000 budget. Margaret Sullivan had originally been slated for the role of the invisible woman because she owed Universal one more film in her contract. Director John Cromwell approached Sullivan about playing the lead in So Ends Our Night, and she failed to report to Universal for The Invisible Woman. Sullivan received a restraining order preventing her from working elsewhere. Eventually, she was allowed to finish So Ends the Night, as long as she continued work on two films for Universal. Virginia Bruce was cast as the invisible woman and signed her contract on September 12, 1940.
John Barrymore began to have trouble memorizing his dialogue. According to John Howard, Barrymore began cutting up the script and placing pieces on the set—behind vases, phones or other props—so he could read the lines.
Howard says that "Barrymore was an ordinary fellow. He wasn't stuffy and he had no pretense whatsoever. Even in pictures that you felt weren't up to snuff, I don't think he showed any disdain. We knew perfectly well The Invisible Woman wasn't going to be an award-winning picture, but it was fun to do. No one took it seriously".
The film was nominated for the 14th Academy Awards for Special Effects. (At the time, the category embraced photographic and sound effects.) The photographic effects were by John Fulton and the sound effects by John Hall. I Wanted Wings won the Oscar for Special Effects. 
Theodore Strauss of The New York Times called the film "silly, banal and repetitious ... The script is as creaky as a two-wheeled cart and were it not for the fact that John Barrymore is taking a ride in it we hate to think what The Invisible Woman might have turned out to be". Variety called it "good entertainment for general audiences". Film Daily called it "laugh-packed", "brightly dialogued" and "a lot of fun". Harrison's Reports declared it "a pretty good comedy for the masses ... but it does not offer anything new to those who saw the other pictures in which the character became invisible". John Mosher of The New Yorker wrote: "The old stunt is still good, yet it's not used to much advantage here ... In fact, this is the feeblest example so far of that stunt which the camera can so easily make funny".
In November 2019, a spin-off film centered around the female counterpart to Invisible Man was in development. Elizabeth Banks will star in, direct, and produce The Invisible Woman, based on her own original pitch. Erin Cressida Wilson will write the script of the reboot of the female monster, while Max Handelman and Alison Small will serve as producer and executive producer, respectively. Banks was allowed to choose a project by Universal Pictures from the roster of Universal Monsters, ultimately choosing The Invisible Woman.
- Weaver, Brunas & Brunas 2007, p. 237.
- "The Invisible Woman". American Film Institute. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
- The Invisible Woman article at Turner Classic Movies accessed 10 January 2014
- Hallenbeck 2009, p. 31-32.
- Weaver, Brunas & Brunas 2007, p. 238.
- Haugland 1941, p. L2.
- "The 14th Academy Awards (1942) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2013-06-21.
- Weaver, Brunas & Brunas 2007, p. 241.
- Weaver, Brunas & Brunas 2007, p. 294.
- T.s (1941-01-09). "At the Rialto". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2022-09-28.
- "The Invisible Woman". Variety. New York: Variety, Inc. January 1, 1941. p. 14.
- "Reviews of New Films". Film Daily. New York: Wid's Films and Film Folk, Inc.: 7 January 7, 1941.
- "'The Invisible Woman' with John Barrymore, Virginia Bruce and John Howard". Harrison's Reports: 7. January 11, 1941.
- Mosher, John (January 11, 1941). "The Current Cinema". The New Yorker. New York: F-R Publishing Corp. p. 61.
- Kroll, Justin (November 26, 2019). "Elizabeth Banks to Direct, Star in Invisible Woman for Universal". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
- Donnelly, Matt (February 11, 2020). "Hollywood Still Trying to Put a Ring on Universal's 'Bride of Frankenstein' (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
- Hallenbeck, Bruce G. (2009). Comedy-Horror Films: A Chronological History, 1914-2008. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0-7864-3332-2.
- Haugland, Vera (28 September 1941). "Maria Montez Puts On Best Show Without Benefit of Camera". The Washington Post. p. L2.
- Weaver, Tom; Brunas, Michael; Brunas, John (2007) . Universal Horrors (2 ed.). McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0-7864-2974-5.
- The Invisible Woman at the American Film Institute Catalog
- The Invisible Woman at IMDb
- The Invisible Woman at the TCM Movie Database
- The Invisible Woman at AllMovie