The Invisible Man (film series)
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|The Invisible Man|
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The Invisible Man is a film series by Universal Pictures. The series consists of The Invisible Man, The Invisible Man Returns, The Invisible Woman, Invisible Agent, The Invisible Man's Revenge and Abbott and Costello Meet the Invisible Man. The film series borrows elements from H. G. Wells's novel The Invisible Man, but it focuses primarily on the idea of a serum that causes someone to go invisible and its side-effects.
The series has been described as fragmented, with very few films in the series being connected. This is different from other Universal series of the time, such as Frankenstein and The Mummy. Some films in the Invisible Man series, such as The Invisible Man Returns and Invisible Agent, attempt to connect to the first film through characters who were related to Griffin. Others bear no relation to the original film beyond the inclusion of a plot involving a mad scientist and a person who becomes invisible as a result of their experiments. Retrospective critics and film historians have commented that other films in the series borrow stories from previous films, with The Invisible Man Returns, The Invisible Man's Revenge and Abbott and Costello Meet the Invisible Man having the same stories as Charlie Chan in London, The Walking Dead and The Invisible Man's Revenge respectively.
Universal's The Invisible Man film series includes The Invisible Man, The Invisible Man Returns, The Invisible Woman, Invisible Agent, The Invisible Man's Revenge and Abbott and Costello Meet the Invisible Man. Film historian Ken Hanke described The Invisible Man series as one of Universal's "most fragmented series". The authors of Universal Horror wrote that attempts to connect the series to the first film "proved awkward" unlike Universal's The Mummy and Frankenstein series. Examples of these connections include The Invisible Man Returns where the character Geoffrey Radcliffe (Vincent Price) receives the invisibility formula from Dr. Frank Griffin (John Sutton), a relative of Jack Griffin from the first film and Invisible Spy where Frank Raymond is the grandson of Jack Griffin. In The Invisible Man's Revenge, the screenplay does not connect Robert Griffin with the previous Griffins who either created, understood, and or operated with the invisibility formula.
Some films in the series were described as being re-writes of previous films. Hanke described The Invisible Man Returns's story being "more than slightly similar" to the 1934 film Charlie Chan in London. In Phil Hardy's book Science Fiction, a review stated that the Invisible Man's Revenge was basically a rewrite of the 1936 film The Walking Dead. Abbott and Costello Meet the Invisible Man was described by the authors of Universal Horrors as being a semi-remake of The Invisible Man Returns with the title character rewritten as a boxer framed for murder. Hanke described The Invisible Woman as being "curious offshoot" of the series, being directed by A. Edward Sutherland who specialized in comedy films.
Following the success of Dracula, Richard L Schayer and Robert Florey suggested to Universal Pictures that an adaptation of H.G. Wells's The Invisible Man as early as 1931. Though promoted as being based on of H.G. Wells' novel The Invisible Man, the screenplay only follows the basics of the original novel. After going through several potential directors, including Florey, Cyril Gardner, E. A. Dupont, with James Whale eventually being chosen.  Shooting of the film began on June 1933 and concluded in late August
Universal Pictures first announced the development of The Invisible Man Returns in March 1939, around the time Son of Frankenstein was performing well at the box office. Hanke described the film's story being "more than slightly similar" to the 1934 film Charlie Chan in London. Though not a horror film, The Invisible Woman was originally written as a more serious horror film, about a mad scientist turning a woman invisible. The story was then passed on to Robert Lees and Fred Naldo who specialized in comedy. Gertrude Purcell, who had written the screenplay for the western comedy Destry Rides Again was hired to add a woman's perspective on the story.
Invisible Agent was announced under the title The Invisible Spy in early 1942. Universal first announced the plan for The Invisible Man's Revenge on June 10, 1943 with the hopes of having Claude Rains performing in the lead. Actor Jon Hall who was Frank "Raymond" Griffin in Invisible Agent now portrays Robert Griffin, a killer who seeks revenge on men who framed him. A retrospective review in Phil Hardy's book Science Fiction commented that the film was basically a rewrite of the 1936 film The Walking Dead.
Prior to the first day of shooting The Invisible Man's Revenge, Universal's attorneys made a deal with H. G. Wells for the rights to make two more Invisible Man sequels between July 1943 and October 1951. Abbott and Costello Meet the Invisible Man was described by the authors of Universal Horrors as being a semi-remake of The Invisible Man Returns with the title character rewritten as a boxer framed for murder. Several lines of dialog from The Invisible Man Returns and some special effects were reused in the film.
|The Invisible Man||The Invisible Man Returns||The Invisible Woman||Invisible Agent||The Invisible Man's Revenge||Abbott and Costello Meet the Invisible Man||Ref(s)|
|Director||James Whale||Joe May||A. Edward Sutherland||Edwin L. Marin||Ford Beebe||Charles Lamont|||
|Producers||Carl Laemmle, Jr.||N/A||N/A||N/A||Ford Beebe||Howard Christie|
|Screenwriters||R.C. Sherriff||Lester K. Cole, Curt Siodmak||Robert Lees, Frederic I. Rinaldo, Gertrude Purcell||Curt Siodmak||Bertram Millhauser||Robert Lees, Frederic I. Rinaldo, John Grant|
|Cinematographer||Arthur Edeson||Milton Krasner||Elwood Bredell||Les White||Milton Krasner||George Robinson|
|Editors||Ted Kent||Frank Gross||Edward Curtiss||Saul A. Goodkind||Virgil Vogel|
|Visual Effects Supervisor||Frank D. Williams||John P. Fulton||John P. Fulton and John Hall||John P. Fulton||David S. Horsley|
In his book The Monster Movies of Universal Studios, James L Neibaur commented on the series stating that outside the 1933 film The Invisible Man, "none of its sequels were particularly impressive" finding the The Invisible Man's Revenge "average", The Invisible Woman "amusing" and Invisible Agent benefitting from the appearance of Peter Lorre in the cast, and The Invisible Man's Revenge "pedestrian".
Three films in the series led to Academy Award nominations for Best Special Effects. These included John P. Fulton, Bernard B. Brown and William Hedgcock for The Invisible Man Returns, Fulton and John Hall for The Invisible Woman, and Fulton and Brown for Invisible Agent.
In February 2016, it was announced that Johnny Depp would star in the remake with Ed Solomon writing the film's script, while Alex Kurtzman and Chris Morgan would be the producers. On November 8, 2017, Kurtzman and Morgan moved on to other projects. In 2019, Universal announced and began production on the new The Invisible Man that was written and directed by Leigh Whannell and produced by Jason Blum, starring Elisabeth Moss and Oliver Jackson-Cohen as the titular character.
When a trailer for the film was released in December 2019, Robert Moran of The Sydney Morning Herald commented that it "met with the kind of confusion that could rattle a filmmaker, not to mention a studio. It seems monster movie fans, long-attuned to the bandage-wrapped antics of The Invisible Man of yore, weren't expecting Whannell's allegory on domestic violence trauma." Whannell commented on his change from the norm on the style, explaining that he knew there was going to be some backlash against the film as he was "modernizing it and centering it not around the Invisible Man but his victim." Whannel compared his The Invisible Man film to the popular image of the character saying, "The iconic image of the Invisible Man is one of a floating pair of sunglasses, you know? I knew I had to move it away from that." Whannell's The Invisible Man was released on February 28, 2020.
- Hanke 2014, p. 71.
- Weaver, Brunas & Brunas 2007, p. 86.
- "The Invisible Agent". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 6, 2020.
- Hanke 2014, p. 73.
- Hanke 2014, p. 120.
- Hardy 1984, p. 114.
- Weaver, Brunas & Brunas 2007, p. 214.
- Hanke 2014, p. 74.
- Weaver, Brunas & Brunas 2007, p. 78.
- Weaver, Brunas & Brunas 2007, p. 79.
- Weaver, Brunas & Brunas 2007, p. 81.
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- Neibaur 2017, p. 76.
- Weaver, Brunas & Brunas 2007, p. 294.
- Weaver, Brunas & Brunas 2007, p. 401.
- Weaver, Brunas & Brunas 2007, p. 405.
- Weaver, Brunas & Brunas 2007, p. 207.
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- Weaver, Brunas & Brunas 2007, p. 400-401.
- "Abbott and Costello Meet the Invisible Man". American Film Institute. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
- Neibaur 2017, p. 119.
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- Hipes, Patrick (August 22, 2019). "Blumhouse's 'The Invisible Man' Will Emerge Two Weeks Earlier – Update". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on August 22, 2019. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- Fleming, Mike, Jr. (February 9, 2016). "Johnny Depp To Star In 'The Invisible Man' At Universal". Deadline. Archived from the original on February 11, 2016.
- Kit, Borys (February 9, 2016). "Johnny Depp to Star in Universal's 'Invisible Man' Reboot". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 11, 2016.
- Kit, Borys; Couch, Aaron (November 8, 2017). "Universal's "Monsterverse" in Peril as Top Producers Exit (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on November 8, 2017. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
- Kroll, Justin (January 24, 2019). "'Invisible Man' Finds Director, Sets New Course for Universal's Monster Legacy (Exclusive)". Variety. Archived from the original on November 25, 2020. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
- Hanke, Ken (2014) . A Critical Guide to Horror Film Series. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-72642-9.
- Hardy, Phil, ed. (1984). Science Fiction. Morrow. ISBN 0688008429.
- Neibaur, James L. (2017). The Monster Movies of Universal Studios. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 144227817X.
- Weaver, Tom; Brunas, Michael; Brunas, John (2007) . Universal Horrors (2 ed.). McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0-7864-2974-5.